Before immobilising the arm to protect the fracture site, it is important that the broken bones are correctly aligned. This procedure is called a closed reduction. Depending upon the severity of injury and the age of the patient, an anaesthetic may be needed for this to occur. Patients with more serious fractures may require surgery to properly realign the bones. This is called an open reduction.
Once the bones are correctly aligned, the arm is immobilised with a cast or splint (fracture bracing).
It may take from several weeks to several months for the broken arm to heal completely. Rehabilitation involves gradually increasing activities to restore muscle strength, joint motion and flexibility until the muscles, ligaments, and other soft tissues perform their functions normally.