Stress fractures often are the result of increasing the amount or intensity of an activity too rapidly. They also can be caused by the impact of an unfamiliar surface, improper equipment and increased physical stress. Most stress fractures occur in the weight bearing bones of the lower leg and the foot and are most commonly seen in the following sports – tennis, track and field, gymnastics, and basketball. This is because in these sports, the repetitive stress of the foot striking the ground can cause trauma. Without sufficient rest between workouts or competitions, an athlete is at risk for developing a stress fracture.
Pain with activity is the most common complaint. The pain subsides with rest.